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Gunung Lawu Tempo Doeloe sudah terkenal sejak Jaman Majapahit dengan adanya beberapa Candi dan tempat pumujaan di kaki hingga puncak Gunung Lawu. Sejak Jaman Hindia Belanda bule-bule sudah mendaki gunung Lawu dan mengabadikannya dalam foto-foto kuno di bawah ini adalah Gunung Lawu dari Telaga Sarangabn pada tahun 1920.

Pendakian ke puncak gunung Lawu sebelum tahun enam puluhan Jalurnya melewati Kawah Condrodimuko, di bawah adalah foto Kawah Condrodimuko pada tahun 1930. Sekitar tahun enam puluhan Jalur yang melewati Kawah ini longsor dan sudah tidak dapat dilalui lagi.

Sebelum mencapai puncak gunung Lawu banyak ditumbuhi bunga Edelweis. foto di bawah diambil pada tahun 1912. Gunung Lawu terkenal dengan Edelweis warna ungunya.

Pondok Argodalem masih sangat sederhana seperti foto pada tahun 1930 di bawah ini. Para pendaki bule ini beristirahat di pondok Argodalem. Argodalem sejak dahulu sudah didatangi para pejiarah.

Kawah Telaga Kuning ini dipotret pada tahun 1910. Kawah tua ini sudah mati, pada musim kemarau kering menjadi lapangan yang cukup luas, tetapi di musim penghujan kawah ini berubah menjadi telaga. Konon pejiarah yang bisa mandi berendam dengan mencelupkan seluruh tubuhnya ke telaga permohonannya akan terkabul

Bule-bule di bawah ini foto bersama di Puncak Gunung Lawu pada tahun 1930. Tugu puncak Lawu ini masih berdiri kokoh hingga akhir tahun 80-an, selanjutnya tugu dipuncak  dibangun berulang ulang dan berganti ganti bentuk, karena roboh kena gempa beberapa kali.

Sumber Foto : Tropen Museum Belanda

 

Mount Lawu, or Gunung Lawu, is a massive compound stratovolcano straddling the border between East Java and Central Java, Indonesia. The north side is deeply eroded and the eastern side contains parasitic crater lakes and parasitic cones. A fumarolic area is located on the south flank at 2,550 m. The only reported activity of Lawu took place in 1885, when rumblings and light volcanic ash falls were reported

Many mountaineers climb this mountain to adore the green scenic view, with lovely Edelweiss flowers on its top, and the challenging beauty of the dead crater, southward of the peak, locally known as Kawah Kuning (yellow crater). The highest peak is hilly plain, known as Argo Dumilah, where a "Tri-angular Pole" is erected.

The mountaineering routes to Mt. Lawu

1. From the city of Solo or Surakarta Travel to Tawangmangu, a hilly resort (1305 m high), 40 Km East of Solo. Then continue further 1,5 Km to Cemoro Kandang (Central Java) or Cemoro Sewu (East Java) (1600 M).

2. From East Java, Madiun Travel to Lake Resort Sarangan, on the east slope of the mountain and then continue to Cemoro Sewu. Mt. Lawu stands peacefully in the South border of central and East Java.

Yellow Crater Triangular Peak

From Cemoro Kandang

1. Itís 12 Km climb, normally it should take 7 hours walk.

2. Thereís a registration station belonged to Forest Authority (Perhutani). Guide, supplies and information are available. For traditional stories of Mt. Lawu, Pak (Mr) Sumarsono can be contacted.

3. A climber shall walk thru dense wood, near the top, the vegetation are rare, then some specific mountain trees and bushes such as Santigi and Eidelweiss appear.

4. There are satisfactorily 5 huts (5 Pos), namely: * Pos 1 : Taman Sari Bawah (Lower Garden) (2300 M) The water of the river here contains sulphur. * Pos 2 : Taman Sari Atas (Upper Garden Ė 2.470 M). A fresh cool air amidst the green trees. There is an active crater, evaporating sulphur. * Pos 3 : 2760 M (Pos Penggik) Nearby a spring, by the name of Sendang Panguripan (life spring), producing a cool healthy drinking water. * Pos 4 : 3025 M This location is named Cokro Suryo, it is a large plain to enjoy the sunset and the picturesque panorama. * Pos 5 : 3150 M

5. Above these huts, there are

1. Pesanggrahan Argo Dalem (3170 M), small cottages. 2. The highest peak: Argo Dumilah

From Cemoro Sewu

1. Itís 9 Km climb, with steep stony path. 2. There are 5 huts to the top. 3. Contact Ibu (Mrs) Warno at the base camp. Guide, supplies etc are available.

The return journey to the base camp, one shall spend around 4 hours walk.

Ancient Mountain

Its old name was Wukir Mahendra, some believe the top of the mountain was the first kingdom on the island, the dwellers were Gods descending from Kahyangan (heaven), upon seeing an empty beautiful place like a paradise.

It was the retreat of King Brawijaya V, the last king of Majapahit Empire in the 15th century. It has also a strong spiritual traditional relation with the rulers of Mataram Kingdom II and the Karaton (palace) of Surakarta and Yogyakarta.

In ancient Javanese mythology, Lawu is called Mahendra and legend has it that the gods who created the first kingdom in Java descended from heaven here. In later history, Lawu was the retreat of the last king of Majapahit, Brawijaya V. On the eve of the Javanese New Year, thousands of adherents of the indigenous Javanese belief--kebatinan--climb to the summit to meditate.

As in other sacred places in Java, names that dot the landscape often echo the ancient Indian epic, Mahabharata. The crater, for instance, is called Candradimuka, believed to be the place where the gods boiled Bhima's son Gatotkaca in molten metal to make him invincible. Bhima is the second of the five Pandawa brothers, who are the main protagonists in the Mahabharata.

A cave called Sigolo-golo recalls the name of the cave that the Pandawa brothers, led by the brave Bhima, escaped through when their palace apartment was burned down by their evil cousins the Kurawa.

Brawijaya V had a fascination with honest Bhima, for in the Karanganyar regency (in Central Java), on the Surakarta side of Lawu, he built two fascinating temples dedicated to him; Candi Sukuh which looks almost Mayan and Candi Cetho.

Candi Cetho was "developed" on the orders of the late president Suharto without any archaeological considerations. Irresponsible and inappropriate development is still irreversibly changing the spiritual sites of Lawu. The current building of a Javanese pendapa pavilion with marble flooring, over a sacred stone in the area near the summit called the keputren--the princesses' quarters--by a wealthy businessman, is but one example.

 

Cemara gunung adalah tumbuhan yang mendominasi kawasan gunung Lawu. Edelweis Ungu adalah bunga unik yang hanya bisa ditemukan di lereng dan sekitar puncak gunung Lawu. Burung Ciung sebesar jempol bersarang diantara cabang-cabang tanaman Edelweis. Harimau Jawa yang dianggap punah juga pernah dilihat dan diburu di hutan kawasan Gunung Lawu.

1. Bus Jur.  Solo - Tawangmangu
2. Angkot Jur.  Tawangmangu  - Cemoro Kandang / Sewu

Dari Tawangmangu bisa menyewa kuda hingga puncak Hargo dalem lewat jalur Cemoro Kandang.

  • Tawangmangu
  • Air terjun Grojogan Sewu
  • Candi Seto
  • Candi Sukuh
  • Telaga Sarangan
  • Argodalem
  • Sendang Drajad
  • Sumur Jolotundo
  • Sendang Inten
  • Sendang Panguripan
  • Pasar Dieng
  • Air Terjun Pringgodani
 
 
 
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