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Gunung Baluran terletak di tengah-tengah Taman Nasional Baluran. Taman Nasional Baluran terletak di ujung timur pulau Jawa tepatnya di kabupaten Situbondo. Bagian utara berbatasan dengan selat Madura dan bagian Timur berbatasan dengan selat Bali. Taman Nasional Baluran memiliki luas 25.000 hektar.

Gunung ini sudah tidak aktif lagi dengan dinding kawah yang memiliki ketinggian antara 900 hingga 1.247 m dpl membatasi kaldera yang luas dan dalamnya 600 meter. Ada dugaan di bagian timur yang lebih tinggi dari gunung ini telah meletus dan melemparkan batu-batu besar keluar. Bagian tengah pegunungan terbagi-bagi membentuk kaldera yang dalam dengan cerukan kawah yang memadat di dasarnya.

Lereng-lereng gunung dibelah oleh lembah yang dalam dibagian gunung yang tinggi dan diikuti jurang-jurang berbatu di bagian yang rendah. Jurang-jurang ini di musim penghujan akan menampung air, dan menjadi kering di musim kemarau.

Di sisi timur kawah terdapat daerah terbuka yang dalam dimana sungai kacip keluar dari gunung pada ketinggian 150 mdpl. Lereng gunung ditumbuhi hutan musim. Kebanyakan daerah yang lebih rendah adalah dataran dan sedikit bergelombang. Beberapa bukit mencuat diantaranya bukit Glengseran 124 mdpl, Bukit Begol 64 meter, dan bukit Priuk 211 meter.

Di sekitar gunung Baluran daerah rendah yang sedikit bergelombang diliputi padang savana dengan diselingi pepohonan, dan sedikit daerah yang ditumbuhi semak serta tanaman merambat. Sementara daerah pantai terdapat daerah karang terjal.

Pintu masuk Taman Nasional Baluran berada di Karangtekok dan Wonorejo. Untuk menuju Pesanggrahan di Kelor/Bama dapat menggunakan mobil dengan jarak sekitar 12 km dari pintu masuk Wonorejo.

Balai Taman Nasional Baluran
Jl. Raya Situbondo-Banyuwangi Desa Wonorejo, Kec. Banyuputih Kab. Situbondo.
Phone : +62333-461650 Fax : +62333-463864.
http://balurannationalpark.web.id/
Email : balurannationalpark@gmail.com

Gua Jepang (Japan Cave)

In Baluran National Park, you can see a historical place caller “Gua Jepang” (Japan Cave). Gua Jepang is one of historical witness that in this place (Baluran National Park) was happened battle between Indonesia army against Japanese army. because unequal power, there are a lot of Indonesia army who died in that battle, so this place also called Batangan. Gua Jepang has wide about 12 km that contains in 2 chambers. The north chambers was user as a fissureto see an enemy.

Bekol Savannah

Beside the Gua Jepang, in the Baluran National Park, you also can see Bekol savannah. It's about 12 km from the entrance Baluran National park. You will see a flock of deers, bulls, etc, in the morning and in the afternoon (when the sun goes down) to do their activity. You also can see their activity and behaviour of those animals from the height.

Bama Beach

Bama beach Located in the east of Baluran National Park. You can see the original beach and the fantastic panorama in here. Beside that you can see the mangrove forest, Bama source and Mantingan source. One of special moment here is that you can see monkey with the long tail (Macaca fascicularis) that fishing crob with they lng tail. If you like go on food, you can pass the truck and you can see the beautiful panorama of Bama Beach on the height. Just with 15,000 Rupiahs per person you can spend the night in Bama Beach to enjoy the beautiful panorama at night here.

The Route

- If you take a car, it takes 5 hours from Surabaya and 4 hours from Denpasar, Bali.
- For tourists who stay in Pasir Putih, it takes 1.5 hours and only 1 hours from Situbondo.

 

Baluran National Park This park is a forest prevervation area that extend about 25.000 ha on the north coast of East Java. The location is in Sumberwaru village, Banyuwangi subdistrict, Situbondo (on the east border of Java Island). You can enjoy the panorama af savannah and Baluran Volcano ( inactive volcano) in the center of area that becomes habitat of many exotic animals such as wild pigs, deer, peacocks, wild chicken, some species af monkeys and also bulls as the protected animals in the area.

You can enjoy the amazing scenery of the forest and do the safari activities in the wild life and feel the magic of the forest. This park is so unique because 15 km from the main entrance, yau can find a beautiful white beach called Bama Beach,here in the habiatof coral reef, fish and mangrove.

You also can observe hundreds species of birds such as hornbills, peacocks and bulbuls. If you like to observe the tropical forest vegetation, the park is a heaven for many species of trtees, plants and flowers such as pecan nut trees, Maja, Gadung, Java tamarind trees and mount Widara.

There are several activities that you can di in this park such as :
- Forest Safari
- Forest adventure
- Diving and snorkeling
- Mountain hiking and mount climbing
- Hill walking
- Beach adventure to watch the fishermen’is daily activities and seed seekers
- Canoeing, rowing or boating until you the Fresh Water Gulf, Sejile Gulf and Bilik Beach.
- Nature photography activities
- Conducting some scientific researching (with prior permission)

Facilities

- If you prefer to safari to Baluran National Park, there are some cottage designed in Madurese style and operated by Environmental Education Center. There is also a main lodge that will serve you European and Indonesia cuisine.

- Villas and lodges, you can rent them with your group members (about 20 persons capacity) and the also provide a praying room and a canteen.

- There are two guest houses by the beach but you should have prior reservation.

- Baluran Information Centre and a small museum that has several preserved animals by the main entrance operated by The Forestry Conservation Region Office.

- Diving, Swimming, boating, snorkeling

- Playground

- A beautiful camping area that is located in Sumberwaru village (outside of the forest preservation area)

- Watching Towers that are usually used by rangers to watch or to observe the animals behaviors and the region surrounding (you can bring a pair of binoculars or telescope to have a better look at the beautiful panorama)

- Considering the wide range of this are, you will be better visit Baluran by your car or rent a car from Denpasar or Surabaya. You can also rent a car at Pasir Putih tourist resort or Situbondo. There is also motorbike public transportation called “ojek” in the main entrance that will take you to Bama Beach (with Negotiated cost)

Hutan jati seluas 5.000 ha tumbuh di sebelah barat. 422 jenis flora tumbuh di taman ini yakni gadung, kelor wono, bidara cina, kemplo, pilang, asam, walikukun, mimbo, kelampis, talok, kesambi, kemiri, gelingsem wungur, pancal kijang, talpat, klosot dan widoro.

Satwa penghuni taman diantaranya: banteng, rusa, kerbau liar, kijang, babi hutan, ajak, macan tutul, kucing bakau, kucing hutan, dan linsang. 147 jenis burung seperti walet ekor jarum, wili-wili, merak, ayam hutan, dan burung kepinis.

Jalan Raya Surabaya - Banyuwangi turun di Baluran 32 km sebelum kota Banyuwangi, masuk dari pintu Wonorejo atau Karangtekok.
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