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Gunung Merbabu terletak di jawa tengah dengan ketinggian 3.142M dpl pada puncak Kenteng Songo. Gunung Merbabu berasal dari kata "meru" yang berarti gunung dan "babu" yang berarti wanita. Gunung ini dikenal sebagai gunung tidur meskipun sebenarnya memiliki 5 buah kawah: kawah Condrodimuko, kawah Kombang, Kendang, Rebab, dan kawah Sambernyowo.

Terdapat 2 buah puncak yakni puncak Syarif (3119m) dan puncak Kenteng Songo (3142m). Puncak Gn.Merbabu dapat ditempuh dari Cunthel, Thekelan, (Kopeng / Salatiga) Wekas (Kaponan / Magelang) atau dari selo (Boyolali). Perjalanan akan sangat menarik bila Anda berangkat dari jalur Utara (Wekas, Cunthel, Thekelan) turun kembali lewat jalur selatan (Selo).

Pemandangan yang sangat indah dapat disaksikan disepanjang perjalanan tersebut. Banyak terdapat gunung disekitar gunung Merbabu, diantaranya Gn. Merapi, Gn.Telomoyo, Gn.Ungaran. Gunung Merbabu ini membentuk garis deretan gunung berapi ke arah utara Merapi - Merbabu - Telomoyo - Ungaran.

JALUR KOPENG THEKELAN

Dari Jakarta bisa naik kereta api atau bus ke Semarang, Yogya, atau Solo. Dilanjutkan dengan bus jurusan Solo-Semarang turun di kota Salatiga, dilanjutkan dengan bus kecil ke Kopeng. Dari Yogya naik bus ke Magelang, dilanjutkan dengan bus kecil ke Kopeng. 

Dari kopeng terdapat banyak jalur menuju ke Puncak, namun lebih baik melewati desa tekelan karena terdapat Pos yang dapat memberikan informasi maupun berbagai bantuan yang diperlukan. Pos Tekelan dapat ditempuh melalui bumi perkemahan Umbul Songo. 

Di bumi perkemahan Umbul Songo Anda dapat beristirahat menunggu malam tiba, karena pendakian akan lebih baik dilakukan malam hari tiba dipuncak menjelang matahari terbit. 

Andapun dapat beristirahat di Pos Thekelan yang menyediakan tempat untuk tidur, terutama bila tidak membawa tenda. Dapat juga berkemah di Pos Pending karena di tiga tempat ini kita bisa memperoleh air bersih.

Perjalanan dari Pos Tekelan yang berada ditengah perkampungan penduduk, dimulai dengan melewati kebun penduduk dan hutan pinus.

Dari sini kita dapat menyaksikan pemandangan yang sangat indah ke arah gunung Telomoyo dan Rawa Pening. 

Di Pos Pending kita dapat menemukan mata air, juga kita akan menemukan sungai kecil (Kali Sowo). Sebelum mencapai Pos I kita akan melewati Pereng Putih kita harus berhati-hati karena sangat terjal. Kemudian kita melewati sungai kering, dari sini pemandangan sangat indah ke bawah melihat kota Salatiga terutama di malam hari. 

Dari Pos I kita akan melewati hutan campuran menuju Pos II, menuju Pos III jalur mulai terbuka dan jalan mulai menanjak curam. Kita mendaki gunung Pertapan, hempasan angin yang kencang sangat terasa, apalagi berada di tempat terbuka. Kita dapat berlindung di Watu Gubug, sebuah batu berlobang yang dapat dimasuki 5 orang.

Watu Gubug konon merupakan pintu gerbang menuju kerajaan makhluk ghaib. Bila ada badai sebaiknya tidak melanjutkan perjalanan karena sangat berbahaya.

Mendekati pos empat kita mendaki Gn. Watu tulis jalur agak curam dan banyak pasir maupun kerikil kecil sehingga licin, angin kencang membawa debu dan pasir sehingga harus siap menutup mata bila ada angin kencang.

Pos IV yang berada di puncak Gn. Watu Tulis dengan ketinggian mencapai 2.896 mdpl ini, disebut juga Pos Pemancar karena di puncaknya terdapat sebuah Pemancar Radio.

Menuju Pos V jalur menurun, pos ini dikelilingi bukit dan tebing yang indah. Kita dapat turun menuju kawah Condrodimuko. Dan disini terdapat mata air, bedakan antara air minum dan air belerang.

Perjalanan dilanjutkan dengan melewati tanjakan yang sangat terjal serta jurang disisi kiri dan kanannya. Tanjakan ini dinamakan Jembatan Setan. Kemudian kita akan sampai di persimpangan, ke kiri menuju Puncak Syarif (Gunung Pregodalem) dan ke kanan menuju puncak Kenteng Songo ( Gunung Kenteng Songo) yang memanjang. 

Dari puncak Kenteng songo kita dapat memandang Gn.Merapi dengan puncaknya yang mengepulkan asap setiap saat, nampak dekat sekali. Ke arah barat tampak Gn.Sumbing dan Sundoro yang kelihatan sangat jelas dan indah, seolah-olah menantang untuk di daki. Lebih dekat lagi tampak Gn.Telomoyo dan Gn.Ungaran. Dari kejauhan ke arah timur tampak Gn.Lawu dengan puncaknya yang memanjang.

Menuju Puncak Kenteng Songo ini jalurnya sangat berbahaya, selain sempit hanya berkisar 1 meter lebarnya dengan sisi kiri kanan jurang bebatuan tanpa pohon, juga angin sangat kencang siap mendorong kita setiap saat.

Di puncak ini terdapat batu kenteng / lumpang / berlubang dengan jumlah 9 menurut penglihatan paranormal.

Menuruni gunung Merbabu lewat jalur menuju Selo menjadi pilihan yang menarik. Kita akan melewati padang rumput dan hutan edelweis, juga bukit-bukit berbunga yang sangat indah dan menyenangkan seperti di film India yang sangat menghibur kita sehingga lupa akan segala kelelahan, kedinginan dan rasa lapar. Di sepanjang jalan kita dapat menyaksikan Gn. Merapi yang kelihatan sangat dekat dengan puncak yang selalu mengeluarkan Asap.

Kita akan menuruni dan mendaki beberapa gunung kecil yang dilapisi rumput hijau tanpa pepohonan untuk berlindung dari hempasan angin. Disepanjang jalur tidak terdapat mata air dan pos peristirahatan. Kabut dan badai sering muncul dengan tiba-tiba, sehingga sangat berbahaya untuk mendirikan tenda. 

Jalur menuju Selo ini sangat banyak dan tidak ada rambu penunjuk jalan, sehingga sangat membingungkan pendaki. Banyak jalur yang sering dilalui penduduk untuk mencari rumput dipuncak gunung, sehingga pendaki akan sampai diperkampungan penduduk. Sambutan yang sangat ramah dan meriah diberikan oleh penduduk Selo bagi setiap pendaki yang baru saja turun Gn.Merbabu. Apabila Anda tidak bisa berbahasa jawa ucapkan saja terima kasih.


The base camp has a capacity to accommodate about 450 people. It provides modest bathrooms and worship houses: Mosque, Church and Vihara. There is a clear mountaineering route to the top, safety and supervision is conducted by Perhutani (Forest Authority) of Kopeng.

Tekelan BasecampThe village of Tekelan daily temperature is around 19 grade of Celsius. In this village live peacefully its inhabitans of 688 persons. They are traditional farmers growing vegetables such as onions, tomatoes, cabbages, carrots and also tobacco. The name of the village comes from the founder and ancestor of the villagers-mbah (grand father) Thekel, where his graveyard is in the village Cemetery. Tekelan village has a good reputation, it has a grammar school and groups of arts such as: KETOPRAK-traditional drama with gamelan accompaniment, Javanese dance of warriors, musical orchestra etc.

Up to present date they stick to their old tradition, they live in harmony and helping each other (gotong royong). Some little girls (until the age of 4 years old) are with uncombed and uncutted loose hair (rambut Gimbal) it is believed to free them from evil temptation and to be in safety. The cleaning of the hair must be done in ritual, lead by an "old" man. The springs in village are considered sacred and should not be bothered.

The Climbing

Note: The water springs are found nearby base camp, shelter Pending and nearby the 5 craters.

1. The last village on the North slope, Tekelan is 1596 M. From Kopeng is 1,8 Km by walking or 3,5 Km by motorbike. From Arie Widjaja’s basecamp walk about 1 hour thru the garden to shelter Pending (1800 m)

Shelter I 2. Then walk another 1,5 hours to shelter 1-Gumuk (2260 m) After crossing a small river (Kethekan), (a spring is found here) and passing a deep ravine (Pereng Putih 2200 m). In this area grows small bamboo trees which are used by locals to produce bamboo-crafts.

3. Climb further 1 hour to shelter II Lempong Sampan (2450 m) thru a forest. There a 2 routes.

Shelter II

Shelter III 4. From shelter II to shelter III about 1 hour walk – Watu Gubug (stony hut) (2610 m). There are 3 routes, with their own specific forest panorama. Some beautiful hairy flowers are growing attractively here The Watu Gubug are big stones with a hole as big as cave which could give shelter to 100 people. It is considered as sacred place. The climbers are advised behave accordingly. Do not urinate nearby Watu Gubug or the crater Condrodimuko. Do not put feet into the crater’s water spring.

Watu Gubug

5. Climb another 45 minutes to shelter IV-Gunung/Mount Watu Tulis – 2896 m. EidelweissThe view from here is quite amazing. The climbers can see several summits of Merbabu. From shelter III up to summits is green savannah with some beautiful mountain trees and flowers: acacia, Kemlandingan, Strawberry, orchid and of course the famous breath-taking Edelweiss. From time to time, the climbers shall encounter a group of various singing birds, jungle fowls, monkeys, deers and be careful of ....... Tigers. There is a radio communication here.

6. Go forward to shelter V-(2898 m) for another 30 minutes from shelter IV. This place is surrounded by the magnificent summits of Merbabu. About 150 m from here are the dead-craters, there is spring nearby. To the right, there is Gunung (Mount) Kukusan (2928 m).

Satanic Bridge 7. Now, this is the heaviest trek, the so-called 627 m long "Jembatan Setan" – The Satanic Bridge, normally it takes 45 minutes to pass. There are deep ravine on the right and left side, until a place locally called Plawangan Ondorante (a crossroad to last summits).

8. The Peak of Pregodalem (3119 m) According to legend, there was a house in this peak, guarded by Kyai Syarif and mbah (grand-pa) Kerto. That’s why this peak is also called: Syarif or Kerto.

Kentong Songo 9. The Peak of Kenteng Songo (3142 m) From the crossroad, climb another 45 minutes, and here it is, the highest peak by the name of Kenteng Songo. Three are 9 stones in the form of mortar for pounding rice. Some believe, this peak is the "unseen" resident of a couple of ascetics by the name of Kyai and Nyai Rogodewo (body of god).

The picturesque natural view lures climbers to remain here for quite a long time. To the west are the blue summits of Sumbing and Sindoro, just a ‘few meters’ to the south is the aggressive Mt. Merapi. To the North are green and peaceful mounts Telomoyo and Ungaran. Mt. Lawu is standing pridely in the South-East

In the month of Suro (in the night of Javanese new year), the inhabitants living in the North Slope of Merbabu, make traditional offering in the craters of Merbabu.

 

Kopeng dari Solo-Semarang
1. Bus Jur.  Solo - Semarang, turun di Pasar Sapi (Salatiga)
2. Bus Kecil Jurusan Magelang - Kopeng turun di Kopeng

Kopeng Semarang-Yogya
1. Bus Jur. Yogya-Semarang turun di Magelang.
2. Bus Kecil Jurusan Magelang - Salatiga turun di Kopeng.

  • Kopeng
  • Air Terjun Umbul Songo
  • Rawapening
  • Palagan Ambarawa
  • Musium Kereta Api
  • Watu Gubug
  • Puncak Syarief
  • Kenteng Songo

Masyarakat di sekitar Kopeng di lereng Gunung Merbabu mayoritas beragama Budha sehingga akan kita temui beberapa Vihara. Penduduk sering melakukan meditasi atau bertapa dan banyak tempat-tempat menuju puncak yang dikeramatkan. Pantangan bagi pendaki untuk tidak buang air di Watu Gubug dan sekitar Kawah. Pendaki tidak diperkenan kan memakai pakaian warna merah dan hijau. 

Pada tahun baru jawa 1 suro penduduk melakukan upacara tradisional di kawah Gn. Merbabu. Pada bulan Sapar penduduk Selo (lereng Selatan Merbabu) mengadakan upacara tradisional. Dahulu Anak-anak wanita di desa tekelan dibiarkan berambut gimbal untuk melindungi diri dan agar memperoleh keselamatan.

Taman Nasional Gunung Merbabu

Jl. Merbabu no.136 Boyolali, Jawa Tengah - Indonesia

Ph : +62 276 3293341

http://merbabunationalpark.org

email : info[at]merbabunationalpark.org

 

 
Mount Merbabu  is a dormant stratovolcano in Central Java province on the Indonesian island of Java. The name Merbabu could be loosely translated as 'Mountain of Ash' from the Javanese combined words; Meru means "mountain" and awu or abu means "ash".

The active volcano Mount Merapi is directly adjacent on its south-east side, while the city of Salatiga is located on its northern foothills. A 1,500m high broad saddle lies between Merbabu and Merapi, the site of the village of Selo and highly fertile[citation needed] farming land.

There are two peaks; Syarif (3,119 m) and Kenteng Songo (3,145 m). Three U-shaped radial valleys extend from the Kenteng Songo summit in northwesterly, northeastly and southeastly directions. Mt Merbabu Salatiga.jpg

Two known moderate eruptions occurred in 1560 and 1797. The 1797 event was rated 2: Explosive, on the Volcanic Explosivity Index.An unconfirmed eruption may have occurred in 1570.

Geologically recent eruptions originated from a North Northwest-South Southeast fissure system that cut across the summit and fed the large-volume lava flows from Kopeng and Kajor craters on the northern and southern flanks, respectively.

Merbabu can be climbed from several routes originating from the town of Kopeng on the north east sideside, and also from Selo on the southern side. A climb from Kopeng to Kenteng Songo takes between 8 and 10 hours. [citation needed]

An area of 57 km² at the mountain has been declared a national park in 2004

This is a favorite mountain for local and foreign mountaineers. The average temperature in its top is around 15 grade Celsius during the day, of course in the night, it’s biting cold. The magnificent Merbabu is in the middle of Central Java Province, comes from the word "Meru" means mountain and "Babu" means female or lady.

For years it has been known as a sleeping mountain, but in fact it has 5 calderas, namely:

Condrodimuko, Kombang, Kendang, Rebab & Sambernyowo. Mt. Merbabu last eruption was in 1968 which caused a lot of erosion. Usually it gives a tranquile atmosphere to its green beautiful environment.

Mt. Merbabu (3142 m)

This is a favorite mountain for local and foreign mountaineers. The average temperature in its top is around 15 grade Celsius during the day, of course in the night, it’s biting cold. The magnificent Merbabu is in the middle of Central Java Province, comes from the word "Meru" means mountain and "Babu" means female or lady.

For years it has been known as a sleeping mountain, but in fact it has 5 calderas, namely:

Condrodimuko, Kombang, Kendang, Rebab & Sambernyowo. Mt. Merbabu last eruption was in 1968 which caused a lot of erosion. Usually it gives a tranquile atmosphere to its green beautiful environment.

Mountaineering Routes:

There are 2 routes to the summit i.e. From the North thru village of Tekelan’ Salatiga and the South route is thru Selo village, Boyolali.

The North Route

The nearest town is Salatiga. It’s about one hour drive from Semarang or Surakarta. The bus fee from both city to Salatiga is Rp. 2.000,- (The exchange rate of October 1, 1998 is US$ 1 = Rps. 11.000,-) From Yogyakarta it’s about 2 hours by bus, the fee is Rp. 3.000,-

Kopeng ResortFrom Salatiga take another bus to Kopeng resort. It costs Rp. 1.000,- then walk or take ‘an ojek’ (motor bike Taxi) for Rp. 2.000,- - to the village base camp:

Register to Arie Wijaya A.Md (or Bapak Sunaryo) the fee is Rp. 750,-. Guide fee to the peak and return again in the same base camp is Rp. 25.000,-

The address is: POSKO MERBABU Tekelan No. 96, Kopeng Salatiga 50774 Central Java.

The base camp has a capacity to accommodate about 450 people. It provides modest bathrooms and worship houses: Mosque, Church and Vihara. There is a clear mountaineering route to the top, safety and supervision is conducted by Perhutani (Forest Authority) of Kopeng.

Tekelan BasecampThe village of Tekelan daily temperature is around 19 grade of Celsius. In this village live peacefully its inhabitans of 688 persons. They are traditional farmers growing vegetables such as onions, tomatoes, cabbages, carrots and also tobacco. The name of the village comes from the founder and ancestor of the villagers-mbah (grand father) Thekel, where his graveyard is in the village Cemetery. Tekelan village has a good reputation, it has a grammar school and groups of arts such as: KETOPRAK-traditional drama with gamelan accompaniment, Javanese dance of warriors, musical orchestra etc.

Up to present date they stick to their old tradition, they live in harmony and helping each other (gotong royong). Some little girls (until the age of 4 years old) are with uncombed and uncutted loose hair (rambut Gimbal) it is believed to free them from evil temptation and to be in safety. The cleaning of the hair must be done in ritual, lead by an "old" man. The springs in village are considered sacred and should not be bothered.

The Climbing

Note: The water springs are found nearby base camp, shelter Pending and nearby the 5 craters.

1. The last village on the North slope, Tekelan is 1596 M. From Kopeng is 1,8 Km by walking or 3,5 Km by motorbike. From Arie Widjaja’s basecamp walk about 1 hour thru the garden to shelter Pending (1800 m)

Shelter I 2. Then walk another 1,5 hours to shelter 1-Gumuk (2260 m) After crossing a small river (Kethekan), (a spring is found here) and passing a deep ravine (Pereng Putih 2200 m). In this area grows small bamboo trees which are used by locals to produce bamboo-crafts.

3. Climb further 1 hour to shelter II Lempong Sampan (2450 m) thru a forest. There a 2 routes.

Shelter II

Shelter III 4. From shelter II to shelter III about 1 hour walk – Watu Gubug (stony hut) (2610 m). There are 3 routes, with their own specific forest panorama. Some beautiful hairy flowers are growing attractively here The Watu Gubug are big stones with a hole as big as cave which could give shelter to 100 people. It is considered as sacred place. The climbers are advised behave accordingly. Do not urinate nearby Watu Gubug or the crater Condrodimuko. Do not put feet into the crater’s water spring.

Watu Gubug

5. Climb another 45 minutes to shelter IV-Gunung/Mount Watu Tulis – 2896 m. EidelweissThe view from here is quite amazing. The climbers can see several summits of Merbabu. From shelter III up to summits is green savannah with some beautiful mountain trees and flowers: acacia, Kemlandingan, Strawberry, orchid and of course the famous breath-taking Edelweiss. From time to time, the climbers shall encounter a group of various singing birds, jungle fowls, monkeys, deers and be careful of ....... Tigers. There is a radio communication here.

6. Go forward to shelter V-(2898 m) for another 30 minutes from shelter IV. This place is surrounded by the magnificent summits of Merbabu. About 150 m from here are the dead-craters, there is spring nearby. To the right, there is Gunung (Mount) Kukusan (2928 m).

Satanic Bridge 7. Now, this is the heaviest trek, the so-called 627 m long "Jembatan Setan" – The Satanic Bridge, normally it takes 45 minutes to pass. There are deep ravine on the right and left side, until a place locally called Plawangan Ondorante (a crossroad to last summits).

8. The Peak of Pregodalem (3119 m) According to legend, there was a house in this peak, guarded by Kyai Syarif and mbah (grand-pa) Kerto. That’s why this peak is also called: Syarif or Kerto.

Kentong Songo 9. The Peak of Kenteng Songo (3142 m) From the crossroad, climb another 45 minutes, and here it is, the highest peak by the name of Kenteng Songo. Three are 9 stones in the form of mortar for pounding rice. Some believe, this peak is the "unseen" resident of a couple of ascetics by the name of Kyai and Nyai Rogodewo (body of god).

The picturesque natural view lures climbers to remain here for quite a long time. To the west are the blue summits of Sumbing and Sindoro, just a ‘few meters’ to the south is the aggressive Mt. Merapi. To the North are green and peaceful mounts Telomoyo and Ungaran. Mt. Lawu is standing pridely in the South-East

In the month of Suro (in the night of Javanese new year), the inhabitants living in the North Slope of Merbabu, make traditional offering in the craters of Merbabu.

 


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