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Gunung Guntur tidak berdiri sendiri sebagai kerucut tunggal, yang mana di bagian puncaknya dicirikan dengan adanya kerucut-kerucut tua bekas titik erupsi yang merupakan satu kelompok besar Gunung Guntur.

Dari kelompok besar Gunung Guntur ini nampak dua buah kaldera, yaitu Kaldera Pangkalan di sebelah barat dan Kaldera Gandapura di sebelah timur. Dengan terbentuknya kedua kaldera itu maka terbentuk pula rekahan-rekahan yang memanjang dimana kemudian muncul kerucut-kerucut gunungapi, diantaranya Gunung Gajah, Gunung Gandapura, Gunung Agung, Gunung Picung dan Gunung Batususun.

Deretan gunungapi yang lebih muda adalah Gunung Masigit, Gunung Sangiang Buruan, Gunung Parupuyan Gunung Kabuyutan dan Gunung Guntur yang merupakan gunungapi termuda dan paling aktif sampai sekarang. Gunung Putri yang terletak agak jauh diselatannya mungkin merupakan salah satu kerucut parasit dari kelompok Gunung Guntur ini.

Komplek Gunung Guntur ini di sebelah utara berbatasan dengan dataran tinggi Leles, sedangkan di sebelah timur dan selatan berbatasan dengan dataran tinggi Garut dan di sebelah baratnya berbatasan dengan Gunung Kunci, Sanggar, Rakutak dan Kawah Kamojang. Morfologi komplek Gunung Guntur mempunyai kemiringan yang sangat bervariasi antara 20 sampai 75 derajad. Kemiringan landai umumnya terdapat di daerah pemukiman, seperti Kota Garut, Kadung Ora, Leles, Tarogong dan Cipanas.

Sedang kemiringan yang terjal terdapat di sekitar puncak Gunung Guntur. Tubuh Gunung Guntur dibangun oleh hasil erupsi eksplosif dan efusif. Hasil erupsi Gunung Guntur sebagian besar berupa aliran lava bongkah masih segar dan saling menindih. Lava yang termuda (hasil erupsi tahun 1840) mengalir dari Kawah Gunung Guntur ke arah tenggara dan selatan dan berakhir di daerah Cipanas (sekitar 300 meter sebelah utara lokasi wisata pemandian Cipanas), dimana ujungnya membentuk morfologi tapal kuda.

Aliran Piroklastika tersebar di sebelah tenggara Kawah Gunung Guntur dan sebagian tertutupi oleh aliran-aliran lava Guntur yang lebih muda. Aliran piroklastika Guntur ada 3 (tiga) jenis, pertama adalah yang tersusun atas blok-blok lava dengan matruk pasir kasar coklat kekuningan, singkapan endapan ini bisa dijumpai di sekitar Kampung Pesantren. Jenis Kedua tersusun atas blok-blok lava dan bom vulkanik dengan matrik pasir kasar dan bersifat kurang padu.

Sedangkan yang termuda tersusun atas fragmen lava basaltis dan andesitis serta bom vulkanik dengan struktur kerak roti berwarna abu kehitaman. Aliran piroklastika ini memperlihatkan pola sebaran berbentuk kipas dari Puncak Guntur ke arah tenggara. Endapan Jatuhan Piroklastika sebagian besar terkonsentrasi di sekitar puncak Gunung Guntur dan menyebar ke arah utara dan tenggara. Endapan tersusun atas Skoria dan litik basaltis berwarna hitam, berukuran halus sampai kasar, berlapis baik dengan ketebalan berkisar antara 4-34 cm.


Photo by Boim

Dari Kota Garut naik kendaraan umum ke Cipanas, 6 Km arah barat laut. Di Cipanas banyak terdapat kolam air panas. Sekitar 3 km dari Cipanas melintasi jalan yang mendaki ke arah puncak Gn.Guntur terdapat air terjun Citiis.

Dari lokasi air terjun ini pendaki dapat melanjutkan pendakian ke puncak gunung Guntur selama sekitar 4 jam. Sebaiknya pendakian dilakukan sekitar pukul 5 pagi, tujuannya agar dapat menikmati pemandangan yang sangat indah selama berada di puncak gunung.

 

Mount Guntur or Gunung Guntur is an active stratovolcano in western Java. It is part of a complex of several overlapping stratovolcanoes about 10 km (6.2 mi) northwest of the city of Garut. The last eruption was in 1847. At an elevation of 2,249 m (7,379 ft), Mount Guntur rises about 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above the plain of Garut. It produced frequent explosive eruptions in the 19th century, making it one of the most active volcanoes of western Java. Since then it has not erupted. The name Guntur means "thunder" in the Indonesian language.

Mt. Guntur is an active volcano and impressive area landmark whose barren slopes are strikingly visible from many kilometers away. A climb to the very summit is possible but tough and takes about ten hours from Cipanas to the top and back.

On the road from Nagreg to Garut, near the first turnoff to Cipanas, turn off in the village of Ciitis. After a while the road ends and you have to walk. In half an hour you reach a waterfall, and half an hour later another one, where you can romp in the water and have a picnic. From this second waterfall, itís a rough two-hour hike over lava blocks, loose gravel, and through high grass to the first crater. From the plateau of the first crater the view over the entire Garut Plain is fantastic. It takes approximately one hour more to reach the crater at the top. From there you can see the 1992 lava flow on the the plateau below as well as the 1840 lava flow down the whole eastern slope.

The lower crater, a kind of plateau, has a good view from the eastern flank of the mountain. The upper crater is on a cone at the very top and towers above the lower one. You can drive part way up the slope but then have to walk to reach these craters.

Just behind the Cipanas hotel area are big blocks of black rock, remnants of a red hot lava flow which rolled down from Mt. Guntur in 1840 and stopped just short of the village. Seen from a distance, the periphery of this lava flow looks like the toes of a giant foot. A closer look reveals a number of these structures, halfway down the slope. Although these rocks have been here for a century and a half, they are hardly overgrown with vegetation, so hard is the rock, and so difficult is it for plants to gain a foothold on it.

Intrepid hikers who donít mind intense sun on shade less slopes or rough terrain may want to attempt an assault on Mt. Guntur from this side.

G A R U T

The Garut Regency lies sixty-three kilometers to the southeast of Bandung, 717 meters above sea level. The area of Garut, 3,105,99 square kilometers large in size, lies between the Sumedang Regency in the north, the regency of Bandung and Cianjur in the west, the Indonesian Sea in the South the Tasikmalaya Regency in the east. This cool place can be reached from Bandung in approximately one hour.

Due to the scenic beauty of this there are many places of interest for nature lovers. The northern part of the region is reserved for the development of the city of Garut while the southern region is rich with a beautiful coastline, nature preserves and beautiful scenery. Since the time of the Dutch occupation, this region has been developed as a resting place.

The inhabitants of Garut are mostly Muslems and more than half of the people live on farming. The specific food from this place, which is very famous, is dodol Garut, a sweet food made from sticky rice flour and sugar with various flavorings. This food is offered in different wrappings and can be store for a long time. In the past, Garut was also famous for its high quality oranges.

Garut has a specific cultural attraction, the "Ram Fight". Two strong male Ram, with big, long and strong horns are made to fight against each other in the center of a arena, usually in a field, accompanied by Kendang Pencak music.

There are three centers for ram high performances: in the districts of Bayongbong, leles and Samarang. The participants mostly come from the surrounding place. In Garut there are a lot of interesting places to visit, some have been developed, some others are being developed and there are places, which are still left natural.

 

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