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Gunung Patuha, yang konon berasal dari nama Pak Tua -masyarakat lebih sering menyebutnya dengan Gunung Sepuh (tua), memiliki ketinggian 2.434 m dpl, dengan kisaran suhu 8-22 derajat Celsius.

Di puncak Gunung Patuha itulah, terdapat Kawah Saat yang berada di bagian barat dan di bawahnya Kawah Putih dengan ketinggian 2.194 m dpl. Kedua kawah itu terbentuk akibat letusan yang terjadi pada abad X dan XII silam. Ada perbedaan antara Kawah Putih Gunung Patuha, jika dibandingkan dengan sejumlah kawah yang berada di wilayah Jawa Barat. Danau Kawah Putih mempunyai ciri khas dan keunikan tersendiri. Air danau kawahnya selalu berubah-ubah warna. Terkadang berwarna hijau apel dan kebiru-biruan -bila terik matahari dan cuaca terang, terkadang pula berwarna coklat susu dan yang paling sering dijumpai adalah berwarna putih disertai kabut tebal di atas permukaan kawah. Bahkan, tatkala sore hari, air danau kawah pun, tiba-tiba pasang surut. Selain permukaan kawah yang berwarna putih, pasir dan bebatuan di sekitarnya pun didominasi warna putih. Karenanya kawah itu dinamakan Kawah Putih.

Keajaiban alam pun akan terjadi, bila malam hari berkunjung ke Kawah Putih. Sekira pukul 21.00, saat lengit cerah dengan dihiasi bintang-bintang, dari danau kawah putih terlihat pancaran cahaya terang kehijau-hijauan menghiasi kawah. Kemudian, dari bias cahaya berwarna hijau itu, membentuk sebuah lingkaran yang mampu menerangi seluruh lokasi kawah. Sementara aroma belerang pun mulai tercium, namun tak terlalu keras.


Mt. Patuha 1933

Keberadaaan danau Kawah Putih di puncak Gunung Patuha yang menurut penelitian masih tergolong aktif itu di batasi oleh dinding bebatuan terjal di sebelah utara dan di sebelah barat masih terdapat pancaran kawah yang bergolak. Jika ingin lebih dekat kawah bisa melalui pintu masuk di sebelah timur. Tak jauh dari lokasi kawah terdapat sebuah gua buatan sedalam 5 meter.

Menuju lokasi danau Kawah Putih, dari pintu masuk hingga ke kawah jaraknya sekira 5 km atau memerlukan waktu sekira 20 menit, melalui jalan beraspal yang berkelok-kelok dengan pemandangan hutan tanaman Eucalyptus dan hutan alam dengan aneka ragam species hutan hujan tropis.

Daya tarik objek wisata Kawah Putih-Ciwidey, selain bisa ditempuh dengan menggunakan kendaraan, dapat pula ditempuh dengan berjalan kaki atau lintas jalan kaki sejauh 7 km dari objek wisata alam Punceuling, melalui jalan setapak hutan alam.

Meski perjalanannya agak melelahkan, namun di sepanjang perjalanan akan terhibur dengan suasana hutan alam dan udara segar dan bersih. Bagi petualang, jalur ini menjadi alternatif yang cukup menantang hingga mencapai objek wisata kawah.

Dari pusat Kota Bandung, perjalanan dapat ditempuh menuju ke arah selatan sejauh kurang lebih 46 km, melewati Kota Ciwidey, yang merupakan daerah tujuan wisata di kawasan Bandung Selatan. Selain objek wisata Kawah Putih, wisatawan juga bisa mengunjungi beberapa objek wisata lainnya, seperti Ranca Upas dengan penangkaran rusa dan objek wisata Cimanggu dengan kolam renang air panas beryodium.

Keindahan danau Kawah Putih Gunung Patuha, memang sangat mempesona dan menakjubkan. Bahkan, jika sudah mengetahui keajaiban alamnya, pasti akan mengatakan tak ada kawah yang seindah Kawah Putih.

sebelum ditemukannya danau Kawah Putih di puncak Gunung Patuha, masyarakat menganggap puncak itu sebagai daerah yang angker, hingga tak seorang pun berani menjamahnya. Bahkan, karena angkernya, burung yang melewati kawah pun akan mati.

Misteri keindahan danau kawah putih baru terungkap tahun 1837, oleh seorang ilmuwan Belanda peranakan Jerman, Dr. Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn. Ketika itu, Junghuhn mengadakan perjalanan ke Gunung Patuha, dia sempat bertanya pada masyarakat setempat tentang suasana alam yang dirasakannya sangat hening dan sunyi. Ternyata dia mendapat jawaban, bahwa di kawasan tersebut merupakan daerah angker sebagai kerajaan jin dan tempat bersemayamnya roh para leluhur.

Namun, Junghuhn tidak mempercayai cerita itu begitu saja, sambil melanjutkan perjalanan menembus hutan belantara hingga akhirnya menemukan sebuah danau kawah yang indah. Dari dalam danau itu keluar semburan lava bau belerang yang menusuk hidung. Ternyata kondisi belerang yang sangat tinggi itulah yang menyebabkan burung enggan untuk terbang di atas permukaan kawah.

Situ Patenggang terletak di kaki Gunung Patuha, kabupaten Bandung. Secara administratif berada di desa Patengan, kecamatan Rancabali, kabupaten Bandung. Kira-kira 50 km dari ibu kota kabupaten Bandung ke arah selatan, melewati Ciwidey suatu tempat persinggahan buat beli oleh-oleh makanan khas disana. Selanjutnya ke Situ Patenggang akan melewati perkampungan dan perkebunan teh yang dinikmati sepanjang perjalanan. Luas kawasan wisata (danau/situ dan hutan) mencapai 150 ha.

Di dalam danau terdapat berbagai jenis ikan, antara lain mujair, nila, ikan mas, nilem, lele, paray dan beunteur. Di sekitar danau hidup berbagai burung berparuh panjang, yang oleh masyarakat setempat dinamai burung blekek, tikukur, dan kaca mata. Di sekitar danau terdapat hutan lindung yang ditumbuhi rumput dan pepohonan khas Jawa Barat sejenis puspa (Scima waliechi), saninten (Castanopsisargentia), dan pasa (Cuercus sp).

The forested twin volcano Gunung Patuha rises SW of the plain of Bandung. The andesitic volcano contains two summit craters 600 m apart along a NW-SE line. The NW-most and highest summit crater is dry, but the SE crater, Kawah Putih, contains a shallow greenish-white crater lake. Kawah Putih is mined for sulfur. A large debris-avalanche deposit produced by collapse of the volcano extends to the NE. The volcano was formed during the late Pleistocene, but has a youthful morphology. No historical eruptions are known from Patuha.

Mt Patuha is located southwest of Bandung, Kawah Putih is a lake on this mountains is sometimes pale turquoise, or as it's name says 'white'. The direction is drive to Ciwidey. Kawah Putih can easy be reached by car all the way to the rim and then it is a 100 metre walk to the lake it self. It is a very nice colorful lake. Far to the south of Bandung, the hill becomes greener. The fresh air flows through the bamboo trees marching along the way. Kawah Putih, The White Crater, is waiting for who want to contemplate there.

 

Rising to 2,434 m, Mt. Patuha is among the highest peaks in the Parahyangan Highlands. On a clear day you can see its summit 35 km southwest of Bandung. At the top is a relatively young crater, and on its southeastern, lower flank is another, picturesque crater lake called Kawah Putih (White Crater). The recent construction of a new road has made this an easily accessible and fairly popular destination an hour and a half from Bandung.

Drive to Ciwidey via Soreang. Those using public transportation have to change in Ciwidey from a big bus to a minibus bound for Rancabali or Lake Patengan. Exactly 10 km from the Ciwidey bus terminal is the turnoffto Kawah Putih on the left. After paying a small admission fee, you drive up about 6 km to a car park on a good road. Those without a car can walk from the main road in about an hour and a half. An older, alternative approach to Kawah Putih has now been closed by a gate and the “round” route mentioned in the first edition of this book is no longer possible.

The color of Kawah Putih is sometimes a pale turquoise and, as its name suggests, sometimes white. A footpath around the lake enables you to circle it in about half an hour unless landslides have blocked it. On the near side of the lake are the remains of shafts where sulphur was mined in the olden days. Do not enter these shafts as they are not secure and might collapse! Also about are the foundations of buildings belonging to a now defunct sulphur extracting operation. Just under the slope to your left as you face the lake, hot water and gas bubble up from the underground, and these sulphurous vapours have also killed a number of trees on the lower parts of the slopes. Behind the high cliff on the far side is the summit of Mt. Patuha.

A rewarding and not overly tiring hike takes you from Kawah Putih to the upper crater and the summit, requiring about two and a half hours for the round trip. The clearly visible trail begins on the little ridge between the car park and the lake. After thirty to forty minutes of climbing you reach the crater rim. Through the trees you have a bit of a view to the east Mt. Slamet, 3,400 m high and 200 km away in Central Java. The crater of Mt. Patuha is now dormant, but still young in geological terms.

The summit proper, a small plateau with a good view of the crater, requires another thirty minutes of walking along the crater rim to your right. On the way there, stunted moss-covered trees create a strange sight but, unfortunately, block a view which would otherwise be breathtaking. After ten minutes of walking you see a path down to the crater floor.

Local people sometimes go there to pray in what must be a very ancient custom; a small platform at the bottom of the crater has apparently been erected for this purpose. Mt. Patuha has most likely been a revered place since Hindu times.

South Bandung better known as agro-tourism center activities (agriculture and tea plantations in Rancabali, Ciwidey, Malabar, PANGALENGAN and Gununghalu), Water Tourism (Patenggang and Situ Situ Cileunca) and Nature tourism (Kamojang Crater, craters and hot springs White Cimanggu).

Regional Tourism Cwidey is a tourist destination complete enough in Southern Bandung District, adjacent to tourist attractions PANGALENGAN with his Cileunca Situ, Agro tourism Malabar, and other tourist object.

Patenggang (Situ Patengan)

Situ Patenggang Bandung

Is a natural lake located in the tea plantations bali Ranch, located about 47 Km from the city of Bandung. Tourism is the tube cool and fresh, very far away from pollution. On the edge of the lake there are many boats which can be rented to tourists around the lake.

Traveler Tip: Visiting this place is better in the morning until noon, because in the afternoon the fog had come down normally. The fog is very dense there patengan visibility even be only 1-2 feet away so it will not look anything sight. To rent a boat around the lake you should make a bargain price in advance. Usually the price offered around Rp 10,000 s / d Rp. 15,000 / person.

Tourism strawberry picking today is a very popular tourist by tourist. Strawberry is a leading agro products from Bandung regency, especially in areas Ciwidey. In this area there are many traditional strawberry garden to garden with professional management. You are free to choose a garden which you love and picking yourself right.

Traveler Tip: Strawberry is very good quality outside the rainy season, because it is easily damaged / rotten if frequently exposed to rain water. If you visit during the rainy season, should choose strawberry-covered garden / green house use.

Cimanggu. Ciwidey area is rich with natural hot springs. One was used by the Public Corporation as a swimming pool perhutani Cimanggu. Swimming Cimanggu has extensive parking facilities, a playground of children, etc..

Ciwalini. Like Cimanggu, Ciwalini also use source of natural hot springs. The swimming pool is located in the tea plantations Walini environment cool.

Traveler Tips: Cimanggu pool and spacious parking area + is equipped with a playground of children, but has ciwalini clearer water ..

Ranch Upas. A campground complex around the area of Eucalyptus trees, a type of plant that originated from the continent of Australia. This area is 41 km from downtown Bandung, and is situated at an altitude of 1700 meters above sea level, with air temperatures average 18 degrees Celsius. In this place there is also a captive deer to attract tourists.

Cileunca there. Cileunca there is a lake in the area PANGALENGAN. This lake is an artificial lake covering an area surrounded by 1400 hectares by hills and mountain background. In addition to functioning as an attractive tourist object, there Cileunca also serves as a source of water for power generation. Water from the lake flows through the river Palayangan, which is also often used as an arena to white water rafting. Rafting package on the river Palayangan click here ..

Malabar tea plantation. Mount Malabar has natural charms of tea plantations with natural cool air, it is suitable for sports activities on foot / tea walk, turning recreation. In the midst of plantations there kinds of ancient buildings are still preserved, such as guest houses, housing estates administrator in the colonial period up to the tomb KAR Bosscha.

Cibolang Hot Water Bathing. An ecotourism natural hot spring located in the jungle adjacent to the tea garden. Located at the foot of the mountain at an altitude of Puppet 1500 meters above sea level, with temperatures ranging from 18 degrees Celsius. It is suitable for a family tour with a fairly complete facilities.

 

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