MERBABU.COM Pendakian Gunung Merapi Merbabu Jawa Tengah
Website in English Website in Nederlands Website Bahasa Indonesia Nature Lovers and Climbers List Photo gallery the Albums of Nature blog merbabu Mailling List Yahoo groups Merbabu Community groups in Facebook Guestbook of Nature Lovers
MENU KIRI

 

Gunung Ungaran terletak di sebelah Selatan - Barat Daya kota Semarang dengan jarak sekitar 40 Km, tepatnya berada di kabupaten Semarang. Gunung Ungaran termasuk gunung berapi berapi type strato. Gunung ini terdiri dari tiga buah gunung yakni Gn. Gendol, Gn.Botak, dan Gn. Ungaran. Puncak tertinggi Gn. Ungaran memiliki ketinggian 2.050 mdpl.

Untuk menuju puncak Gunung Ungaran ini dibutuhkan waktu sekitar 5 jam dari candi Gedung Songo, atau sekitar 8 jam dari Jimbaran. Gunung ini dapat didaki dari Jimbaran - Ungaran, atau dari Taman Wisata Candi Gedung Songo - Ambarawa. Dengan menggunakan kereta api Tawang Jaya dari stasiun Senen Jakarta menuju stasiun Poncol - Semarang. Dari stasiun poncol ini kita naik bus kota menuju terminal Terboyo, dilanjutkan dengan bus kecil jurusan Bandungan.

Gunung ini sangat istimewa yakni adanya panas bumi di sisi selatan dan sisi utara gunung, juga di kaki gunung di sebelah timur. Panas tertinggi berada di Gedongsongo dengan adanya uap panas dan kolam bersuhu 86°C juga sumber mata air panas. Disebelah utara Gn. Ungaran terdapat beberapa sumber air panas dengan suhu berkisar 48°C and 53°C. Air panas yang terdapat di sebelah timur gunung memiliki suhu yang hangat berkisar 42°C.

Panas yang dihasilkan di sekitar Gedungsongo ini berhubungan dengan aktivitas termuda gunung berapi yang terjadi pada gn.Ungaran, yakni sejak adanya aliran lahar andesive di kawah di sebelah utara. Tidak ada catatan mengenai sejarah letusan gn.Ungaran. Beberapa kali aktifitas letusan pernah terjadi di tengah-tengah gunung dekat puncak gn. Ungaran, sehingga membentuk gunung berapi.

Aktivitas fase termuda gunung berapi ini adalah berupa susunan timbunan basalt dan batu andesit yang melingkar dengan garis tengah 19 Km yang memotong gunung berapi ungaran tua dan sedimen ketiga. Dua generasi kubah Andesit telah terbentuk sejak adanya lapisan ke empat di sekitar lingkaran patahan dan sisi-sisi gunung.

Awal pendakian kita sudah di hadang oleh bukit yang sangat terjal dan licin, dan pada musim panas banyak debunya. Pendaki harus berhati-hati karena banyak batu-batu yang mudah longsor, sehingga sangat membahayakan pendaki lainnya yang berada di bawah. Jalur ini sangat curam sehingga akan menguras tenaga, dan memerlukan konsentrasi yang tinggi. Sebagai pemanasan awal yang sangat melelahkan, sebaiknya kita tidak terburu-buru dan lakukan istirahat bila kelelahan dan kehabisan nafas. Ada beberapa batu besar pada lereng curam ini, sehingga pendaki dapat beristirahat sambil menyaksikan pemandangan yang sangat indah ke bawah bukit.

Setelah tiba di atas bukit, perjalanan dilanjutkan dengan mengelilingi bukit. Bukit ini banyak ditumbuhi alang-alang dan pada siang hari sangat panas dan berdebu. Beruntung sekali jalur sudah agak mendatar meskipun ada beberapa tempat yang agak curam. Dari bukit ini kita bisa menyaksikan kota Ambarawa, dan Rawapening.

Setelah melewati bukit alang- alang kita akan memasuki kawasan hutan yang berada di suatu lembah yang dikelilingi oleh lereng-lereng terjal yang berbentuk tapal kuda. Kawasan hutan yang tersembunyi ini banyak di huni oleh burung-burung dan di puncak-puncak lereng banyak ditumbuhi bunga Edelweis. Kita merasa seolah-olah berada di Taman Eden yang hilang, suasana hening dan sejuk serta pemandangan yang sangat indah memberi ketenangan batin bagi para Pendaki. Jalur di kawasan hutan ini mendatar kemudian sedikit menurun setelah itu kembali jalur menjadi terjal melalui akar-akar pohon, dan batu-batuan.

Setelah melewati dua buah bukit terjal yang di selingi dengan jalur datar, pendaki akan bertemu dengan jalan yang bercabang, ambillah jalur ke kiri karena jalur kanan buntu. Mendekati puncak gunung jalur sangat terjal dan sangat berbahaya, pendaki harus ekstra hati-hati dan tetap menjaga stamina.

Sesampainya di atas bukit terdapat tempat yang cukup luas untuk membuka tenda, di sini banyak terdapat pohon-pohon yang bisa digunakan untuk berteduh dan berlindung dari hempasan angin yang bertiup kencang. 100 meter dari tempat ini kita akan sampai di puncak gunung Ungaran, yakni suatu tempat terbuka yang tidak terlalu luas. Di sini terdapat tugu peringatan yang berada di puncak gunung.

Pemandangan dari puncak gunung Ungaran ini sangat indah. Dari puncak Gn. Ungaran kita dapat melihat Gn. Sumbing, Gn. Sundoro di sebelah barat daya. Sedangkan di sebelah tenggara, kita melihat Gn. Telomoyo, Gn. Merbabu, dan Gn. Merapi yang sejajar dengan Gn. Ungaran membentuk satu garis kelurusan vulkanik Ungaran - Telomoyo - Merbabu - Merapi . Kelurusan vulkanik Ungaran-Merapi tersebut merupakan sesar mendatar yang berbentuk konkaf hingga sampai ke barat, dan berangsur-angsur berkembang kegiatan vulkanisnya sepanjang sesar mendatar dari arah utara ke selatan. Dapat diurut dari utara yaitu Ungaran Tua berumur Pleistosen dan berakhir di selatan yaitu di Gunung Merapi yang sangat aktif hingga saat ini.

Di kawasan cagar budaya Candi Gedongsongo yang bersuhu rata-rata 19 sampai 27 derajad celcius ini ternyata memiliki bio energi terbaik di Asia. Bioenergi di kawasan ini bahkan lebih baik dari yang berada di pegunungan Tibet atau pegunungan lain di Asia. Setelah kita menghirup bioenergi ini dapat memberikan kesegaran di pikiran sehingga memunculkan ide-ide segar. Hal ini akan sangat membantu memberikan kemajuan dan meningkatkan kualitas hidup.


The possibility of this temple was built around the eighth century AD, during the reign of Sanjaya dynasty. It's just what the name of its founder king can not be known. Gedongsongo temple hindu religious background, this can be seen from the statues that occupy the recesses of the temple. For example statues Ciwa Mahadeva, Ciwa Grand Master, Ganeca, Dhurga Nahisasuramardhini, Nandiswara and Mahakala.According to the experts about the Temple says Evi Saraswati temple in Indonesia can be divided into two types. Namely Hindu temples and Buddhist Temple. Key features of the two types lies in the shape of the building. Hindu Temple inclined slender, taper and height. While the Buddhist temple is round and big like the temple of Borobudur. Judging from the functions of the temple is also divided into two functions, namely as a place of worship or temple worship and temple used as a place of burial. While in the temple complex is estimated Gedongsongo a temple for the funeral. Because now found around the temple there are a lot of ash.

Very probably this is the former combustion ashes of the deceased. According to the teachings of Hindu people who die are usually burned.The temple building is still intact shape now live five buildings, the temple I, II, III, IV and V. Temple I consists of the building and is still intact, the building of the temple II consists of two main buildings are still intact and the other is not intact. Temple III consists of three buildings which are all still intact. Temple IV there are four buildings of the temple, but only one temple buildings are still intact. While Temple V place traces the foundation of the temple which shows that there used to a lot of temple building. But now only one of the main temple building is still intact. Temple VI, VII, VIII and IX is now no longer remains unclear, because there are some ruins of buildings there are many who diamanakan. Similarly, some statues are also kept by the Preservation of History and Archaeology of Central Java.

This mountain can be climbed from Jimbaran - Ungaran, or from the Park Building Songo Temple Tour - Ambarawa. By using the Tawang Jaya train from station to station Poncol Senen Jakarta - Semarang. From this Poncol station we took the bus to the terminal Terboyo city, followed by a small bus Bandungan majors. Ungaran Mountain is located in the south - southwest of Semarang city with a distance of about 40 km, precisely located in Hyderabad district. Mount Ungaran including strato type volcano eruptions.The mountain is composed of three mountains namely Mt. Gendol, Gn.Botak, and Mt. Ungaran.

The highest peak Mt. Ungaran has a height of 2050 masl.To reach the summit of Mount Ungaran This takes about 5 hours from Songo temple building, or about 8 hours of Jimbaran.The mountain is very special that is the heat of the earth on the south side and north side of the mountain, also in the mountains to the east.

The highest heat was in Gedongsongo with the steam heat and the pool temperature 86 C are also hot springs. North of Mt. Ungaran there are several hot springs with temperatures ranging from 48 C and 53 C. The hot water contained in the east of the mountains have warm temperatures ranging from 42 C.Heat generated in the vicinity of this Gedungsongo associated with the youngest volcanic activity that occurred in gn.Ungaran, ie, since the flow of lava in the crater andesive in the north. There is no historical record of eruptions gn.Ungaran. Several times the activity of the eruption had occurred in the middle of the mountain near the summit of gn. Ungaran, thus forming a volcano.The youngest phase of volcanic activity is a composition of basalt and andesite pile circular with diameters of 19 km which cut older volcanic and sedimentary Ungaran third.

Two generations of Andesite dome has been formed since the fourth layer around the rim fault and the sides of the mountain. Being in Gedong Songo temple complex at the foot of Mount Ungaran like catapulted into the past with all kekunoannya. Seven temples stood silently with each other about 100 meters apart was emitting an aura of peace is eternal. The fresh smell of pine sap and fragrant roses that came brought a light breeze makes the head feels light. Gedong Songo temple complex is surrounded by a stretch of garden flowers on either side, reminiscent of the beauty of heaven where the gods dwell in the wayang story. In the distance appears green pine forests which crawls Ungaran feet to the summit of Mt.As the name of this temple complex is actually composed of nine temples, rows from bottom to top are connected by cement walkways. One temple is located atop the highest peak is called Nirvana. Unfortunately two of the nine temples have been damaged until now lived seven fruit.Gedong Songo Temple Complex is expected to be built by King Sanjaya, the king of the ancient Mataram at around 8th century AD. Seeing the architectural style and its founder Hindu Gedong Songo is clearly a Hindu temple that was built for the purpose of worship. Various gods who are here as Grand Master of Shiva, Shiva Mahadeva, Shiva Mahakala, Durgamahesasuramardhani and Ganesya increasingly stresses as the building of worship of Hindus. Also found Linga and Yoni that are characteristic of Hindu temples in Indonesia.

 

Mount Ungaran (Gunung Ungaran) is one of the most famous interesting mount in Semarang area. Located in Distric of Ungaran, very close to Semarang city. From Semarang, the trip to go to Mount Ungaran is about two hours by car. We also can go there by bus.

Gedong Songo Temple is the reason made Mount Ungaran become famous. The temple was built at the midle of the mount. There are nine interesting temples that was built in Midle Ages. Accomodation surrounding this mount also provided, cheap and very close with the temples.

Riding the horse is the interesting experience that we can find around the temple. For this service, we only pay about US $ 10 perhours. Spent one or two night and sleep inside the tent is the best experience that we can do here.

According to local folklore Mount Ungaran place Gedong Songo stands of yore used by Hanuman to pile up big fight in the war Dasamuka Dewi Sinta. As is known in the story of the famous Ramayana pawayangan Dasamuka been kidnapped Dewi Sinta from the side of Rama, her husband. To win back Sprott Break big war between Dasamuka with giant armies against the forces assisted Rama Hanuman monkey head.

However, the war Dasamuka that magic can not be stoned to death despite a variety of weapons by Rama. Seeing that the child god Hanuman was then held up a mountain to hoard Dasamuka body. Be Dasamuka buried alive by a mountain called the mountain later Ungaran.Dasamuka-living life-style is buried at the base of the mountain every day Ungaran moans issued a gurgling sound that actually comes from the hot springs found there. Hot springs that contain sulfur itself finally into a bath to remove some skin diseases.

In his lifetime Dasamuka reputedly fond of drinking to anyone who came to Mount Ungaran with bringing liquor Dasamuka will arouse lust. Smelled of alcohol becomes more of a moan Dasamuka-so, marked the bubbling hot springs. If it comes Dasamuka body moving can even cause a small earthquake. According to local stories.

To get to the location Gedong Songo very easy. of Ambarawa only about 15 km of westward through Bandungan attractions. If the distance is only 12 km Ungaran through Karangjati.

Communities sure if this temple was awaited by a supernatural being who was nicknamed Mbah Murdo. "Based on the story Gedong Songo great-grandparents built by Empress Sima for offerings to the gods," he told the Mysteries. It is said that every time we face a tricky problem Empress Sima meditated in this temple to get the best solution.Presumably, even this temple has a magic power. Proof, Empress Sima greatness was recognized by his opponents. Even some of the kingdom subjugated and subject to the authority of the Queen Sima. However, Siswoyo asserted, the story was passed down through generations of his ancestors. According Siswoyo, until now many visitors who perform special rituals in temples. They begged for help for a variety of objectives can be granted.

Reportedly, the temple of the most widely used to meditate is a temple located on the top row.Before entering the territory Gedong Songo, should visitors have to ask permission first to Mbah Murdo, who is believed to be magical inhabitants of this region. Say hello to him, for travel or ritual you are not disturbed. In the area of cultural heritage temple Gedongsongo temperature averaging 19 to 27 degrees Celsius, bio-energy proved to have the best in Asia. Bioenergy in this region even better than in the mountains of Tibet or other mountains in Asia. Once you breathe in bioenergy can provide freshness in mind that bring fresh ideas. This will greatly help to provide progress and improve the quality of life. You'll see the spring water with a foul-smelling smoke. That said, the water is full of good luck. Especially to cure skin diseases suffered by a person.

Sacred spring was guarded by Nyai Gayatri, a woman from the island resort.It is said that during his lifetime Nyai Gayatri is the lady Queen Sima, who is believed to be the first king in the land of Java. When she died, he chose to keep the springs that contain sulfur. Reportedly, Gayatri Nyai classified creatures kindly. He likes to bring relief to others, especially to cure various kinds of skin diseases. But, do not try to underestimate him because the result could be fatal.Once a while there is a visitor who pee in the spring.Suddenly she screamed like someone strangling him. Once brought to the paranormal, apparently, Nyai Gayatri, watchman springs that act offended by these visitors. After the apologies, and even then the disease can be cured again.Many sweet story around this spring.

Darmo, Magelang resident, who happened to be bathing in the spring, said he suffered skin disease gradually recovered after a bath in this place. In fact, many doctors have given up on the already chronic skin disease that. At the direction of a psychic he was asked to bathe in the spring as much as ten times. "I had a shower three times. But my illness has decreased. Hopefully, the tenth I could recover completely," he said hopefully.The historian has yet to confirm when the temple was built and who the founder of the temple complex Gedongsongo. But seeing the form of temple architecture, especially the form of a frame leg of the temple, this temple is concluded contemporaneous with the Dieng temple complex.

 

Di lereng Utara terdapat hamparan perkebunan Teh. Hutan di sekitar puncak dan di sisi barat gunung Ungaran masih lebat. Sisi selatan banyak ditumbuhi pohon cemara.

Untuk sampai ke lokasi Candi Gedong Songo sangat mudah. dari kota Ambarawa hanya berjarak sekitar 15 Km yaitu ke arah barat melewati obyek wisata Bandungan.

Dari terminal Semarang naik bus kecil jurusan Bandungan/Gedong Songo.

Dari Yogyakarta naik bus jur. Semarang turun di kota Ambarawa. Disambung dengan naik angkot ke Bandungan / Gedong Songo.

  • Candi Gedong Songo
  • Bandungan
  • Musium Kereta Api
  • Rawa Pening
  • Kereta Api bergerigi
  • Candi Gedong Songo
  • Limbangan
  • Gunung Watu
  • Petilasan Ki Ageng Suryomentaraman

Menurut cerita rakyat setempat Gunung Ungaran tempat Candi Gedong Songo ini berdiri dahulu kala digunakan oleh Hanoman untuk menimbun Dasamuka dalam perang besar memperebutkan Dewi Sinta. Seperti diketahui dalam cerita pawayangan Ramayana yang tersohor itu Dasamuka telah menculik Dewi Sinta dari sisi Rama, suaminya.

Untuk merebut Sinta kembali pecahlah perang besar antara Dasamuka dengan bala tentara raksasanya melawan Rama yang dibantu pasukan kera pimpinan Hanoman. Syahdan dalam perang tersebut Dasamuka yang sakti tak bisa mati kendati dirajam berbagai senjata oleh Rama.

Melihat itu Hanoman yang anak dewa itu kemudian mengangkat sebuah gunung untuk menimbun tubuh Dasamuka. Jadilah Dasamuka tertimbun hidup-hidup oleh gunung yang kemudian hari disebut sebagai gunung Ungaran.

Dasamuka yang tertimbun hidup- hidup di dasar gunung Ungaran setiap hari mengeluarkan rintihan berupa suara menggelegak yang sebenarnya berasal dari sumber air panas yang terdapat disitu. Sumber air panas yang mengandung belerang itu sendiri akhirnya menjadi tempat mandi untuk menghilangkan beberapa penyakit kulit.

Pada masa hidupnya konon Dasamuka gemar minum minuman keras hingga siapapun yang datang ke Gunung Ungaran dengan membawa minuman keras akan membangkitkan nafsu Dasamuka.

Mencium aroma miras erangan Dasamuka makin menjadi-jadi, ditandai sumber air panas makin menggelegak. Kalau sampai tubuh Dasamuka bergerak-gerak bahkan bisa menimbulkan gempa kecil. Demikian menurut cerita masyarakat setempat.

Patung Hanoman di Gn. Ungaran

Banner Kanan
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Banner Bawah

HOME  -  ARTIKEL  JAWA BARAT  -  JAWA TENGAH  -  JAWA TIMUR  -  LUAR JAWA -  DAFTAR PUSTAKA  EMAIL MERBABUCOM  -  BUKU TAMU