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Kebun Raya dan Kebun binatang Gembira Loka merupakan sarana perlindungan, pendidikan, dan rekreasi yang menempati areal seluas 20,4 ha. Lokasinya berada di tengah kota Yogyakarta dan dikunjungi 1,5 juta orang per tahun. KRKB Gembira loka memiliki koleksi lebih dari 500 jenis tanaman dan lebih dari 400 jenis binatang.

KRKB Gembira Loka terletak di dua wilayah kecamatan, yaitu Kecamatan Kota Gede dan Kecamatan Umbulharjo. Kedua wilayah tersebut dipisahkan oleh sungai Gajah Wong menjdai dua bagian. Sebelah timur sungai merpakan Kebun Raya dan Sebelah barat sungai merupakan Kebun binatang.

Proses berdirinya Gembira Loka memakan waktu cukup lama, sampai 20 tahun. Sejak tahun 1933 atas berkenan Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VIII direncanakan adanya tempat hiburan yang dinamakan Kebun Rojo yang selanjutnya diteruskan oleh Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX. Pelaksanaan rencana Kebon Rojo itu, oleh Sri Sultan dimintakan bantuan seorang ahli bangsa Belanda bernama Ir. Karsten. Menurut pendapatnya tempat yang paling baik adalah disebelah Barat kali Winongo, oleh karena itu lalu diadakan pembebasan tanah.

Rencana mendirikan Kebon Rojo tersebut belum sampai terwujud, Perang Dunia II meletus dan Indonesia sebagai jajahan Belanda terseret akibat perang tersebut dan selanjutnya diduduki tentara Jepang. Selama pendudukan Jepang rencana mendirikan Kebon Rojo itu terlupakan sama sekali.

Dalam tahun 1949 sesudah chlas II, Pemerintah pusat merencanakan dan menyiapkan pemindahan Ibukota dari Yogyakarta ke Jakarta. Waktu itu timbulah gagasan dari para Sekretaris Jendral Kementrian yang akan pindah ke Jakarta berkehendak memberikan suatu kenang-kenangan kepada masyarakat Yogyakarta suatu tempat hiburan. Pelopordari usaha itu adalah Sdr.Januismadi dan Sdr. Hadi, SH. Walaupun usaha itu mendapat sambutan baik dari masyarakat Yogyakarta, tetapi hasilnya belum dapat dirasakan oleh masyarakat Yogyakarta.

Baru pada tahun 1953 rencana untuk mendirikan Kebon Rojo itu dapat diwujudkan, yaitu dengan berdirinya Yayasan GEMBIRA LOKA Yogyakarta, dengan Akte Notaris RM. Wiranto No. I I tanggal 10 September 1953, dan diketuai oleh Sri Paduka KGPAA Paku Alam VIII. Yayasan inilah yang merintis berdirinya Kebun Raya dan Kebun Binatang Gembira Loka.

Mengenai lokasi penempatan Kebun Raya dan Kebun Binatang Gembira Loka, atas beberapa tempat yang direncanakan Kohler ahli kebangsaan Austria menasehatkan lokasi dipilih di komplek Warungboto.

Pengerjaan tanah yang pertama kali tahun 1955 di bawah pengawasan Honggowongso. Tahun 1959 pengembangan dan pembangunan dilanjutkan oleh Tirtowinoto, karena Tirtowinoto yang mempunyai minat besar untuk membantu perkembangan Gembira Loka dengan mencurahkan pikiran dan tenaganya serta biaya yang tidak sedikit, sehingga membawa Gembira Loka maju dengan baik. Sesuai dengan bertambahnya umur, maka Kebun Raya dan Kebun Binatang Gembira Loka menjadi dewasa pada tahun 1975 menyatakan mandiri.


Hutan dan satwa Gembiraloka membentuk ekosistem

Dengan suksesnya perkembangbiakan komodo sejak tahun 1992 hingga 1996 dengan jumlah anak mencapai 111 ekor telah menghantarkan KRKB Gembira Loka menerima penghargaan Wana Lestari Satya Nugraha dari menteri Kehutanan (1998) serta penghargaan Keberhasilan Penangkaran Komodo dalam Kandang pada Konferensi Komodo Dragon di Thoiry Paris (1998).


This zoo Park is located about 4 Km east of Central Post-Office. Gembira means happy and Loka is place. Hopefully one should be happy by visiting it.

As it is not far away from down town, it is within the reach of andong or becak relax tour. The zoo Park is one of the favorite place in the city visited by mainly domestic tourists (more than 650.000 visitors a year), but there are also some foreign tourists watching closely the famous reptiles Komodos (Varanus Comodoensis), originally live only in Komodo island, nearby Flores.

The well-arranged zoo, amidst a park of green garden, with a large artificial lake for boating has adequate collection of some tropical animals. The zoo management tries to put the animals in more spacious stables, to feel more comfortable.

The vast green shadowy park and the lake water and the river Gajah Wong which passes right in the middle of the zoo should regulate the temperature to be a bit cooler or at least fresher.

In about one hour browsing, a traveler could see Sumatra’s elephants, Java’s one-horned Rhinoceros, Tigers, crocodiles, snakes, several kinds of monkey. Such as Orang Utan, Beruk (Sumatra’s monkeys which could be trained to pick-up coconuts), the black singing monkey, with big air bubble on his neck etc. There are also collection of deers, birds etc.

During week-ends and school holidays, there are many parents take their children to the zoo, to see the animals and special animal show. Sometime, in special occasion, open door music performance with some famous singers and artist organized in this park. This should bring a big crowd. But during normal days, everything is calmer, a traveler could enjoy the visit comfortably.

 
A zoological garden, zoological park, menagerie, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred.

The term zoological garden refers to zoology, the study of animals, a term deriving from the Greek zōon and lógos  "study". The abbreviation "zoo" was first used of the London Zoological Gardens, which opened for scientific study in 1828 and to the public in 1847. The number of major animal collections open to the public around the world now exceeds 1,000, around 80 percent of them in cities

The oldest existing zoo, the Vienna Zoo in Austria, evolved from the Imperial Menagerie at the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, an aristocratic menagerie founded in 1752 by the Habsburg monarchy, which was opened to the public in 1765. In 1775, a zoo was founded in Madrid, and in 1795, the zoo inside the Jardin des Plantes in Paris was founded by Jacques-Henri Bernardin, with animals from the royal menagerie at Versailles, primarily for scientific research and education. The Kazan Zoo, the first zoo in Russia was founded in 1806 by the Professor of Kazan State University Karl Fuchs.

The Zoological Society of London, founded in 1826 by Stamford Raffles, adopted the idea of the Paris zoo when they established the London Zoo in Regent's Park in 1828, which opened to paying visitors in 1847. The first zoological garden in Australia was Melbourne Zoo in 1860. In the same year, Central Park Zoo, the first public zoo in the United States, opened in New York, although in 1859, the Philadelphia Zoological Society had made an effort to establish a zoo, but delayed opening it until 1874 because of the American Civil War. London Zoo, 1835.

In 1907, the German entrepreneur Carl Hagenbeck founded the Tierpark Hagenbeck in Stellingen, now a quarter of Hamburg. It is known for being the first zoo to use open enclosures surrounded by moats, rather than barred cages, to better approximate animals' natural environments.

When ecology emerged as a matter of public interest in the 1970s, a few zoos began to consider making conservation their central role, with Gerald Durrell of the Jersey Zoo, George Rabb of Brookfield Zoo, and William Conway of the Bronx Zoo (Wildlife Conserva-tion Society) leading the discussion. From then on, zoo professionals became increasingly aware of the need to engage themselves in conservation programs, and the American Zoo Association soon said that conservation was its highest priority. Because they wanted to stress conservation issues, many large zoos stopped the practice of having animals perform tricks for visitors. The Detroit Zoo, for example, stopped its elephant show in 1969, and its chimpanzee show in 1983, acknowledging that the trainers had probably abused the animals to get them to perform.

 

 

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