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Bangunan Mesjid Agung Sang Ciptarasa merupakan satu kesatuan dan satu komplek dengan bangunan Kraton Kasepuhan Cirebon.

Masjid Agung yang terletak didepan Kraton Kasepuhan atau sebelah barat alun-alun kraton ini merupakan salah satu Masjid tertua di Jawa. Masjid yang memiliki atap bertingkat-tingkat ini memiliki bentuk yang hampir sama dengan masjid Agung Banten.

Masjid Agung Cirebon yang asli di bangun pada tahun 1480 atas prakarsa Permaisuri Kesultanan Cirebon Nyi Ratu Pakungwati dengan dibantu oleh Wali Sanga dan beberapa tenaga Ahli yang dikirim oleh Sultan Demak, Raden Patah.

Dalam Sejarah Pembangunan Masjid Agung Cirebon ini Sunan Kalijaga mendapat penghormatan untuk mendirikan sokoguru yaitu kepingan-kepingan kayu yang disusun menjadi tiang sekatal. Namun pada tahun 1549 masjid ini terbakar. Ditempat yang sama kemudian dibangun Masjid Agung yang baru yaitu Masjid Agung Kraton yang sekarang ini.



Masjid Agung Cirebon yang asli di bangun pada tahun 1480 atas prakarsa Permaisuri Kesultanan Cirebon Nyi Ratu Pakungwati dengan dibantu oleh Wali Sanga dan beberapa tenaga Ahli yang dikirim oleh Sultan Demak, Raden Patah.

The 'Agung Mosque in the city of Cirebon is one of the oldest mosques in Indonesia. It is located on the west side of the field opposite the Kraton Kasepuhan. It has a tiered roof and is similar in style to the Agung Mosque in Banten.

By the end of the 16th century, Islam, through conversion firstly amongst the island's elite, had surpassed Hinduism and Buddhism as the dominant religion in Java. During this era, the Islamic kingdoms of Demak, Cirebon, and Banten were ascendant. The Mataram Sultanate became the dominant power of central and eastern Java at the end of the 16th century. The principalities of Surabaya and Cirebon were eventually subjugated such that only Mataram and Banten were left to face the Dutch in the 17th century.

Sunan Gunungjati (14481580) was one of the Wali Songo, or Nine Apostles of Islam. He founded the Sultanate of Bantam, as well as the port town of Cirebon on the north coast of Java. He was born Syarif Hidayatullah in AD 1448: the child of a dynastic union between Syarif Abdullah Maulana Huda, an Egyptian of Hashemite descent, and Nyai Rara Santang, daughter of the infamous Prabu Siliwangi, Rajah of Sunda. As such, Syarif Hidayatullah could claim descent, on his paternal side, from the Islamic prophet Mohammed, through his daughter, Fatima; and on his mother's side, from the god-kings of Hindu Sunda.

There is much historical uncertainty as to his early life and later career in the Indonesian Archipelago. Some say that he was born in Pasai, one of the earliest centres of Islam in Southeast Asia; whilst others say that he was born in Pajajaran, capital of his maternal grandfather's Kingdom of Sunda. He is reported to have married a sister of Trenggono, Sultan of Demak, and to have led military expeditions for Demark against Sunda. As Fatahillah - so the story goes - he defeated the Portuguese at their base in Sunda Kelapa, and renamed it Jayakarta in 1527. To this day, his victory over the Portuguese is commemorated as the official anniversary of the founding of Jakarta. The many conflicting stories about Sunan Gunungjati led some scholars to conclude that he might be a conflation of more than one historical figure

 

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