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Candi Plaosan adalah candi Budha yang terletak di sebelah Timur Candi Sewu, yang tidak terlalu jauh dari candi Prambanan.

Banyak terdapat candi Hindu dan Budha di sekitar Prambanan. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pada masa itu kedua agama tersebut dapat hidup rukun saling ber dampingan.

Candi ini dibangun pada abad ke 9 masehi oleh Rakai Pikatan sebagai hadiah untuk permaisurinya yang beragama Budha. Kelompok Candi Plaosan Lor terdiri atas 2 candi induk, 58 Perwara dan 126 stupa. Kelompok candi Plaosan Kidul hanya berupa sebuah candi.

Halaman candi induk terbagi 2 yang masing-masing di atasnya berdiri sebuah biara bertingkat dua. Tingkat atas untuk tempat tinggal para pendeta Budha dan tingkat bawah untuk kegiatan keagamaan. Candi Plaosan dahulunya adalah sebuah Vihara yang terdiri dari dua tingkat menghadap ke arah barat. Setiap Viharamemiliki pendopo dan di dalamnya terdapat tiga buah kamar.

Kompleks Candi Plaosan ini dahulunya dikelilingi saluran air dengan lebar sekitar 7 meter dan memiliki kedalaman sekitar 2 meter, total panjang saluran air ini sekitar 1,8 km.

 

Plaosan Temple is situated in Bugisan Village, Prambanan Sub-district, Klaten District, 1.5 kilometers to the east of Sewu Temple. The temple is an ancient building compound comprising of two building complexes, Plaosan Lor Temple complex (lor is a Javanese word that means north) and Plaosan Kidul Temple complex (kidul is a Javanese word for south). The relief sculptures seen at the compound are fine and detailed, similar to sculptures found at Borobudur, Sewu and Sari Temples.

Experts claim that Plaosan Temple, a Buddhist shrine, was built during the era of Mataram Hindu Kingdom, when Rakai Pikatan was at the helm, at the dawn of the 9th century. De Casparis, one of the proponents of the claim, based his viewpoint on the inscription on Cri Kahulunan ancient stone (842 AD). The inscription stone states that Plaosan Lor Temple was built by Queen Sri Kahulunan, with the support from her husband. De Casparis argued further that Sri Kahulunan was a designation entitled to Pramodhawardani, the daughter of King Samarattungga of Syailendra Dynasty. The princess, a Buddhist, married Rakai Pikatan of Sanjaya Dynasty, who was a Hindu.

Other experts argue that Plaosan Temple was built before Rakai Pikatan reigned. Anggraeni, a proponent of the claim, believed that Sri Kahulunan, instead of a princess, was Rakai Garung, the predecessor of Rakai Pikatan, who once ruled Mataram. The era of Rakai Pikatan was too short to build a temple as big as Plaosan. Rakai Pikatan, however, built the ancillary temple after the main temple was erected.

In October 2003, an inscription-bearing gold sheet was discovered in the surroundings of an ancillary temple in Plaosan Kidul Temple complex. It is estimated that the inscription was made in the 9th century AD. The sheet is 18.5 centimeters in length and 2.2 centimeters in width and the inscription is in Sanskrit written in old Javanese letters. Although the translation of the inscription has yet come to an end, Tjahjono Prasodjo, the epigrapher who deciphers the inscription, believes that the inscription support the claim that Plaosan Temple was built during Rakai Pikatan era.

1. Bus Jurusan  Solo - Yogya turun di Prambanan. sambung dengan naik ojeg atau dokar.

2. Kereta api Prambanan Ekspres jurusan Solo-Yogya turun di stasiun Brambanan. Dari stasiun naik ojeg atau dokar.

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