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Candi Mendut berada di dekat candi Borobudur, sekitar 2 km sebelum candi Borobudur. Candi Mendut yang dibangun sekitar tahun 800 masehi ini mempunyai hubungan erat dengan Candi Borobudur dan Pawon.

Relief yang dipahatkan di candi ini memaparkan suatu cerita Tantri (binatang) dari kitab Tantri Kamandaka.

Candi ini menggambarkan taman kijang Banares di India. Tempat dimana Buddha Gautama mencapai kebijaksanaannya dan pertama kali menyiarkan ajarannya. Tidak seperti layaknya candi-candi di Jawa Tengah yang kebanyakan menghadap ke timur. Candi Mendut ini menghadap ke barat daya.

Candi Mendut terkenal dengan patung Buddha Cakyamuni setinggi 3 meter yang diapit oleh dua Bodhisatwa, Avalokitesuara dan Vajraparani. Patung Buddha ini sedikit berbeda dengan patung Buddha lainnya dimana sang Buddha duduk bersila diatas kedua kakinya tanpa beralaskan bunga lotus. Hebatnya lagi setiap patung ini dibuat ditatah dari satu bongkah batu besar.


Mendut is located in Mendut village of Mungkid subdistrict in Magelang, Central Java, approximately 38 kilometers to the northwest from Yogyakarta. It is only 3 kilometers from Barabudhur Temple, which is believed to be closely related to Pawon and Mendut temples. The three temples are on a straight line from north to south.

There is no certainty as to the year the temple was erected, but J.G. de Casparis argues that Mendut was built by the first king of Syailendra dynasty in 824 AD. The assumption is founded on the content of Karangtengah inscription (824 AD), which mentions King Indra had built a shrine called Wenuwana. Casparis interprets Wenuwana (bamboo forest) as Mendut temple. This temple is also assumed to be older than Borobudur.

Mendut temple was discovered in 1836. The entire structure was found, except the roof that had already crumbled. Between 1897 and 1904, the Dutch government initiated restoration works that yielded satisfactory result, although the temple was still far from perfection. This work had managed to restore the temple’s base and body were reconstructed. In 1908, Van Erp led reconstruction and restoration works on the temple that aimed to restore the roof, place stupas, and repair parts of the roof top. The works had once halted due to financial constraints, but were continued on in 1925.

Mendut is laid out on a rectangular plan, standing 26.4 meters high. The body of this Buddhist temple is laid on a 2 meter high platform, which also serves as a walkway. The wall that encircles the platform is adorned with 31 panels of story-telling relief, and sculptures of beautiful flowers and climbing plants.

Some spots along the walkway’s outer wall have jaladwara or water channel to drain water from the walkway. Jaladwara is common to most temples in Central Java and Yogyakarta, such as Borobudur, Banyuniba, Prambanan and Ratu Baka. While retaining its artistic nature, jaladwara varies in design from one temple to the other.

 

1. Dari Terminal Yogyakarta naik bus jurusan Borobudur, turun di Candi Mendut.

2. Bus Jur.  Yogyakarta - Semarang turun di terminal kota Muntilan. Dari Muntilan naik bus jurusan ke candi Borobudur.

 

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