Jago Temple is located in Jago Hamlet of Tumpang Village,
Tumpang Subdistrict, Malang Regency, or 22 km to the east of
Malang. Because it is located in Tumpang village, the temple
is also called Tumpang Temple. Local villagers call the
According to Negarakertagama and Pararaton, the original
name of this temple is Jajaghu. Verse 41 phrase 4 of
Negarakertagama describes that King Wisnuwardhana who ruled
Singasari was a Buddhist Shiva, a religious sect that
combines the teachings of Hindu and Buddhist. The teaching
flourished during the ruling of Singasari Kingdom, a kingdom
located 20 km from Jago Temple. Jajaghu, which means
'greatness', is a term used for referring a shrine.
Still according to Negara kertagama and Pararaton, Jago
Temple was built between 1268 and 1280 AD, as a tribute to
the 4th King of Singasari Sri Jaya Wisnuwardhana. Although
the temple built during the ruling of Singasari Kingdom, the
two books mentioned that in 1359 AD Jago Temple was one of
the places most frequently visited by King Hayam Wuruk of
the Majapahit Empire. The connection between Jago Temple and
Singasari Kingdom can also be traced from lotus carvings,
which ramble upwards from their stems and decorate the
statues’ pedestals. Such lotus motif was highly popular
during Singasari Kingdom.
Important to note from temple history is the habit of
past kings to restore temples erected by their predecessors.
Jago Temple had probably been restored in 1343 AD as ordered
by King Adityawarman of Melayu, who had blood relation to
King Hayam Wuruk.
Today Jago Temple is still in ruined condition and yet to
restore. The whole structure of the temple is a square, 23 m
x 14 m in dimension. Its roof has gone, so it is not
possible to find out the exact height of the temple. It is
estimated that the temple stood 15 m high.
Facing west, the temple sits on a 1-meter high base and
three-terraced feet. Going upward, the temple feet are
getting smaller, providing a walkway on the first and second
floor where people can walk around the temple. Graba ghra
(main room) is shifted slightly to the back.
This temple is pyramidal in structure with walkways and
shifted rearward, a common shape of building found during
megalithic age, which is called punden berundak (pyramidal
shrines). The shape was generally applied in the
construction of a shrine to worship ancestral spirits. The
shape indicates that Jago Temple was built as a shrine to
worship ancestral spirits as well. However, further research
and study are still required to prove the truth of it.
Important to consider is that during the ruling of kingdoms
in East Java, there are many variations in shape and
function of building. This can be related to the deviation
in religious practices which, by itself, affects the arts in
holy shrines, including temple.